Health & Management Resources
RICHARD & SANDY'S BOER GOAT FARM
Quality coming & going
We test regularly.  All our animals have tested negative for CL, CAE and Johne's.
Parasites and Parasite Control Information


Pictures of parasites from A Pacapacas Farm, Rick and Terry Simpson, HC 79 Box 52-#, Romney, WV 26757: http://www.apacapacas.com/parasites/

Fias Co Farm, General parasite information and an excellent reference for goat information in general: http://fiascofarm.com/goats/fecals.htm

Langston University Diagnosis of Internal Parasitism in Goats:  http://www2.luresext.edu/goats/library/fec0.html

Langston University Diagnosis of Internal Parasitism in Goats:  http://www2.luresext.edu/goats/library/fec.html

Description and Life Cycles of Some Parasites That Infect Goats, by Karin Christensen:  http://personal.linkline.com/karinc/goat/parasites.html

Parasite Life Cycles (animations explaining the life cycles of common parasites):  http://www.goatbiology.com/animations/parasites.html
Parasite Control Fecal Testing
Richard & Sandy's Boer Goat Farm Procedure
We are not vets, and we are not experts.  This method has worked well for us. 
Always have your results confirmed by your vet.  We believe a close working relationship with your vet is the secret to a healthy herd.

The reference book we have found to be most useful for parasite identification is Veterinary Parasitology Reference Manual by William J. Foreyt; Wiley-Blackwell, 2001.

1.Place about 2 gm of fecal sample (about 1 adult or 3-4 kid pellets) in a small container.

2.Add about 10 cc of water and stir well with a disposable stick.  Mash the fecal material until it is completely broken apart.

3.Pour the mixture through a very fine strainer (tea strainer).  Gently press the remaining material with the stick until it is nearly dry and discard the remaining dry matter.

4.Pour the strained solution into a test tube and let it sit for ½ hour.  In water, the parasite eggs will sink.

5.Pour off the top 2/3 of the water solution.  The partially solid material at the bottom of the tube should remain in the tube.

6.Pour the remaining material and liquid from the test tube into a clean small container.

7.Add about ¾ of a test tube of flotation material (enough so that when the two are mixed it will fill the test tube). 
  We use Sheather's Sugar Flotation Solution Specific Gravity 1.27)

8.Pour the combined solution into the test tube.

9.Add solution to fill the tube with an eye dropper if necessary

10.      Cover with slip, applying slip to tube at slight angle to remove air bubbles.

11.      Let stand for about 2 hours

12.      Put slip on a slide and view

General Information
Washington State University, Central Washington Animal Agriculture Team Extension (including the Kidding Pen publication):  http://www.animalag.wsu.edu/newsletters/index.html

Ethnic Holidays Interfaith Calendar Definition of Terms:  http://www.interfaithcalendar.org/calendardefinitions.htm

Interfaith calendar http://www.interfaithcalendar.org/index.htm

Meat Goat Carcass Evaluation & Association Breed Standards (evaluate your goat)

Meat Goat Selection, Carcass Evaluation & Fabrication Guide, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center; http://www.lsuagcenter.com/NR/rdonlyres/B8FE3706-64DC-417F-A592-B8DEC14B4D9F/43291/pub2951MeatGoatJanuary2008HIGHRES.pdf

Meat Goat Grades, North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Service:  http://www.ncagr.gov/markets/mktnews/goatgrades02.pdf

The Biology of the Goat Anatomy of the Goat http://www.goatbiology.com/animations.html

Home Slaughter from Ozark Jewels Dairy Goats at http://www.ozarkjewels.net/homebutchering.htm



Blood Drawing and Injections - links to show you how

Drawing Blood is Child's Play tutorial: http://www.boergoats.com/clean/articleads.php?art=64

How to Draw Blood and Blood Test your Goats:  http://www.boergoatshome.com/Blood_testing.php

Injections made easy from Tennessee Meat Goats:  http://www.tennesseemeatgoats.com/articles2/injections.html

Gestation Table for Goats (150 DAY GESTATION)
To determine the birth date, pick the month the doe was bred in the first column, go to the second column and deduct the amount of days in parenthesis from the due date month to determine the due date.   The general gestation time for goats is between 149 and 155 days.


MONTH BRED    DUE DATE MONTH                            EARLIEST MARKET AGE (3 MONTHS)

JANUARY   JUNE (-1 day)                                            SEPTEMBER

FEBRUARYJULY (-0 days)                                           OCTOBER

MARCH      AUGUST (-3 days)                                     NOVEMBER

APRIL SEPTEMBER (-3 days)                              DECEMBER

MAY                        OCTOBER (-3 days)                                           JANUARY

JUNE                        NOVEMBER (-3 days)                               FEBRUARY

JULY                         DECEMBER (-3 days)                               MARCH

AUGUST                   JANUARY (-3 days)                                   APRIL

SEPTEMBER            FEBRUARY (-3 days)                                MAY

OCTOBER                 MARCH (-1 day)                                               JUNE

NOVEMBER              APRIL (-1 day)                                         JULY

DECEMBER              MAY (-1 day)                                           AUGUST

Testing Facilities and Information links


DNA Samples, Veterinary Genetics Laboratory, University of California, Davis, CA:  http://www.vgl.ucdavis.edu/forms/Goat_ID_Form.pdf

DNA, Freemartin, Karyotyping information, Veterinary Genetics Laboratory, University of California, Davis, CA:   http://www.vgl.ucdavis.edu/services/goat.php

Washington Animal Disease Diagnostic Lab information for blood testing:  http://www.vetmed.wsu.edu/depts_WADDL/

Pregnancy Testing, BioTracking:  http://www.biotracking.com/goats



Disbudding

We seldom disbud our wethers, and we strongly support the movement to allow meat animals to be shown at 4-H and FFA fairs without being disbudded.  These are meat animals, and we do not see the need to disbud them.  However, if you do not agree, or if you are required by your county to disbud animals for your fair, here are some links to show you how.

Fias Co Farm Disbudding photo series:  http://fiascofarm.com/galleries/Goat_Care_and_Information/Disbudding-Rudy/index.html






Hoof Trimming

Hoof Trimming, Goat Wisdom (including a video - we don't use this method, but it works for them and might work for you):  http://www.goatwisdom.com/ch2feet/feet.html

How to Trim Goat Hooves the Right Way, Boer Goats Home:  http://www.boergoatshome.com/hooves.php



Biosecurity Information & Housing

Biosecurity by University of Nebraska

Barn Floor

Biosecurity at Richard and Sandy's Boer Goat Farm

We ask that all visitors wear clean clothes and shoes when visiting our farm.  Please change your clothes and shoes after leaving your barn, field or other animal containment areas, and sanatize your shoes before your visit.

Visitors are not allowed in the paddock, loafing or stall areas, especially if those areas are occupied by our goats. 

Visitors are allowed to view our goats from outside the fenced areas and in the cement areas of the barns except the stalls.

If a group is visiting our farm, we will typically offer a boot bath for anyone entering the cement area of the barn.

Plastic boots and gloves are provided for visitors.

Animals are typically quarantined when they arrive at our farm.

Animals are not allowed to co-mingle with our herd, visit our farm or ride in our trailer unless there is proof of negative test results for CAE, CL and Johne's.

When arriving at a show, we prefer to sanitize the stalls.

Boer Goat Associations

American Boer Goat Association:  http://www.abga.org/

Canadian Meat Goat Association:   http://www.canadianmeatgoat.com/

Cascade Boer Goat Association:  http://www.cascadebga.org/index.html

Northwest All Breed Goat Club:  http://www.northwestgoatclub.com/

Snake River Meat Goat Association:  http://www.srmga.com/



Breeding, Kidding, Tube Feeding and Bottle Babies


Breeding
A.I goats by University of Delaware - Power Point Presentation

Estrus Synchronization for Timed A.I., North Carolina State University

Kidding


I can't remember where I got the following series of kidding issues, but the files are fairly large and have to be opened individually.  This is a good series of publications.
Kidding Issues 1    Kidding Issues 2      Kidding Issues 3

Kidding Complications by Annette McCoy, DVM, University of Minnesota

Kidding Pictures from a breech birth at RNSH (graphic, these are real kidding pictures)

Deliveries from Goat Wisdom

Bottle Babies

Bottle Babies by Krystal Clemmons of Summitview Boers and Michelle Sayer of BRC Boers

Caring For Your Bottle Baby Goat Kids by Leslie Bader-Robinson of Leaning Tree Boer Goats

The Biology of the Goat, Lactation in the Goat http://www.goatbiology.com/animations/lactation.html

Our bottle baby procedure (yes it is a bit over the top, and we don't always do every step listed, but it is the reference we use for our bottle babies.

Tube Feeding

If a kid is born weak and cannot nurse, we tube feed colostrum.  Tube feeding can easily save a newborn's life.  To make sure the tube is in the esophagus and not the trachea, suck on the tube.  The stomach has no air, the lungs do have air.  Others listen for breathing sounds and put the end of the tube in water to check for bubbles.   Which ever method you choose, the goal is to make sure the tube is in the stomach and not the lungs. 

Tube Feeding Neonatal Small Ruminanty by Dr. Susan Kerr http://cru.cahe.wsu.edu/CEPublications/eb1998/eb1998.pdf

Tube Feeding Weak Kids by Dr. Fred Homeyer http://www.boergoats.com/clean/articleads.php?art=39



Q Fever
What we know and more importantly - what we don't know

In early 2011, we had never heard of Q Fever.  Then there was a out break of Q Fever in Washington State, and a lot of people were very concerned;  including us. 
What we now think is that Q Fever is something that we don't want in our herd, just like CL, CAE and Johnes or any other disease. 
Q Fever is everywhere!  It has even been found in seals in Alaska and mammals in Florida, and pretty much everywhere in between and extending all around the world.

Could we end up with Q fever?  Of course we could.  Would we purposely expose our animals to an active case of Q Fever?  Of course not. 
However, we are not worried about having our animals attend public events with other herds that have experienced Q Fever and who have dealt with the situation in an ethical and aggressive manner.  We expect a farm that has had the misfortune of experiencing Q Fever, or any other transmittable disease, to bring only negative animals to public events,
and we believe any reputable breeder would do the same.
And what about all the herds or individual animals at the event that have not tested? 
The only way to know if a herd has been exposed to Q Fever is through extensive testing of every animal;
which in most cases is prohibitively expensive unless a problem has been detected.

We believe that when a breeder experiences an unfortunate set of circumstances, such as experiencing CL, CAE, Johne's, Q Fever or any devastating disease or event, if that breeder does their best to practice excellent herd management and deals with the situation in an ethical manner, they deserve our support.  Especially if they use the situation to educate others.  We try to remember that it could be us walking in those shoes, and try to treat others as we would like to be treated.

We have tested a portion of our herd and all have been negative. 
In the future, if we find that we have encountered Q Fever, we will continue to practice good herdsmanship, enforce normal biosecurity measures and deal with the situation.

The first documented case of Q Fever was in Australia during the 1930's. 

There is a vaccine available, but not approved for use in the United States.

"Q fever has been found worldwide, except in New Zealand"
"Sheep, goats and cattle are the most common domestic animal reservoirs. Dogs, cats, rabbits, horses, pigs, camels, buffalo, rodents, pigeons, geese and other fowl may carry C. burnetii. Antibodies to C. burnetii have been found in badgers, coyotes, raccoons, opossums, badgers, jackrabbits, feral pigs, black bears and musk ox. Ticks and wild birds can also harbor this organism." quoted from http://www.state.nj.us/agriculture/divisions/ah/diseases/qfever.html

Q Fever is rare in the United States.  Usually less than 200 people get Q Fever each year.  Many do not have direct animal contact or occupational exposure. 
Quoted from http://agr.wa.gov/FoodAnimal/AnimalHealth/docs/QFeverPowerPoint.pdf

Q-fever is not uncommon in livestock and animal testing has limitations; therefore culling of animals based on serologic (blood) testing is not recommended as this will NOT ensure a negative herd. A positive Q-fever blood test does not mean that the animal is actively shedding the bacteria and a negative Q-fever blood test does not mean the animal is not currently shedding the bacteria. Blood tests reflect the level of past exposure at the herd level and should not be used to determine the fate of individual animals. quoted from http://agr.wa.gov/FoodAnimal/AnimalHealth/Diseases/QFeverManagementPractices.pdf

Always talk to your vet if you have concerns about Q Fever.  We believe a close working relationship with your vet is the secret to a healthy herd.


LINKS FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT Q FEVER:

Q Fever in Washington, 2011 - Washington State Departments of Agriculture and Health at http://agr.wa.gov/FoodAnimal/AnimalHealth/docs/QFeverPowerPoint.pdf

Q Fever: Frequently Asked Questions from the National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases at http://agr.wa.gov/FoodAnimal/AnimalHealth/Diseases/Q-Fever.pdf

Best Practices to Control Q Fever from the Washington State Department of Agriculture at http://agr.wa.gov/FoodAnimal/AnimalHealth/Diseases/QFeverManagementPractices.pdf

Q Fever source detected in Alaska's fur seals at http://www.alaskadispatch.com/article/q-fever-source-detected-alaskas-fur-seals

Q Fever Merck Veterinary Manual at http://www.merckvetmanual.com/mvm/index.jsp?cfile=htm/bc/52000.htm

Q Fever CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention at http://www.cdc.gov/qfever/index.html

Risk Assessment on Q Fever from the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control -  Vaccination information page 16 at http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications/Publications/1005_TER_Risk_Assessment_Qfever.pdf